Current Indirect Taxes Vs. GST – II

By | January 10, 2017

It has been long pending issue to streamline all the different types of indirect taxes and implement a single taxation system.

  • The main expectation from this system is to abolish all indirect taxes and only GST will be levied.
  • Thus, GST will replace all indirect taxes levied on goods and services by the Indian Central and State Governments.

Major chronological effects that have led to the introduction of GST:-

Advantages of indirect taxes:-
And limitations of existing  structure:-
  1. The poor exempted from paying indirect taxes.
  2. Convenient to both tax payer and state.
  3. Can spread over a wide range.
  4. Easy to collect when goods are bought and sold.
  5. Elastic in yield.
  6. Equitable.
  7. Check consumption on harmful commodities.
  1. Cascading effect.
  2. Varied concessions and exemptions.
  3. Lack of transparency.
  4. Multiple points of taxation.
  5. Lack of uniformity.
  6. Narrow base.
  7. Goods vs. service dilemma.

Applicability and mechanism of GST:-

captureThe Constitution Amendment Bill for Goods and Services Tax (GST) has been approved by The President of India post its passage in the Parliament (Rajya Sabha on 3 August 2016 and Lok Sabha on 8 August 2016) and ratification by more than 50 percent of state legislatures. The Government of India is committed to replace all the indirect taxes levied on goods and services by the Centre and States and implement GST by April, 2017.

Applicable GST rate:-





With GST, it is anticipated that the tax base will be comprehensive, as virtually all goods and services will be taxable, with minimum exemptions.

Which taxes at the centre and state level are being subsumed into GST?

capture2GST will be a game changing reform for the Indian economy by creating a common Indian market and reducing the cascading effect of tax on the cost of goods and services. It will impact the tax structure, tax incidence, tax computation, tax payment, compliance, credit utilization and reporting, leading to a complete overhaul of the current indirect tax system.

GST regime:-

capture1GST will have a far-reaching impact on almost all the aspects of the business operations in the country, for instance, pricing of products and services, supply chain optimization, IT, accounting, and tax compliance systems.


  • GST- Goods and service tax aim is to reduce the overall tax burden and associated administrative complexity. Industry is expecting that roll-out of GST will make supply chain decisions tax neutral.
  • Under the proposed GST regime, all taxes will be bundled under two heads Central GST (CGST) and State GST (SGST).
  • CGST will subsume all taxes imposed by Central Government and SGCT will subsume all taxes imposed by State Government.
  • In proposed GST model State Government will also be able to impose tax on services.
  • In the proposed framework CGST will be covering entire value chain upto retail level. This will help in widening the tax net.
  • In the GST model for interstate sales integrated – GST (IGST) has been proposed which can be offset against the output liability. This will effectively reduce the CST rate to zero.

Leave a Reply